Accommodating esl students classroom
On the other hand, when we turn to culture, the magic word is What is it that we share with all the other members of our culture?We share, first of all, many tangible things, like the way we dress, the food we eat, the way our houses and flats are built and furnished but, deeper inside the onion, we also share the way we behave, verbally and non-verbally for example, what we find or dont find appropriate to say in certain circumstances, or the use of gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, proximity with other people.Individuals are most likely not born with a genetic predisposition to learn analytically or relationally, visually or kinaesthetically They learn how to learn through the socialization processes that occur in families and friendship groups. In other words, you learn how to learn in a particular way through sharing culturally-based patterns of behaviour.In every culture there are unstated assumptions about people and how they learn that invisibly guide whatever educational processes may occur there [these assumptions] work as an unintentional hidden curriculum (Singleton 1991).
These are all things that we are not usually aware of, until until something forces us to challenge our assumptions: for instance, the arrival of a learner from a different cultural background its whats happening to many teachers in Italy today many of us are suddenly being faced with the reality of a multicultural class.
Our question now becomes: do particular cultures favour particular learning styles?
The most accepted answer to this question today is yes, we can talk about cultural learning styles.
Obviously, as you peel off the various layers of the onion, you progressively reach parts of your learning style which are more and more stable and therefore less and less easy to change.
So when we talk about learning styles we are concerned with individual differences, we are asking the question: How are individuals different when they learn?
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If we look at the most external layer of the onion, that will refer to your environmental preferences for example, your preferences in terms of when and where you prefer to study, if you prefer to get up early in the morning or stay up late at night, if you need to eat and drink before, during or after your study sessions, what kind of breaks you need, if you prefer to sit, lie or stand, and things like that.