Sikh speed dating vancouver
In 1799 Ranjit Singh moved the capital to Lahore from Gujranwala, where it had been established in 1763 by his grandfather, Charat Singh.After Ranjit Singh's death in 1839, the empire was severely weakened by internal divisions and political mismanagement.Partition was accompanied by massive violence on both sides, claiming the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.
Large communities of Punjabis are also found in the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir and in Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
Communal violence on the eve of Indian independence led to the dismissal of the coalition government, although the succeeding League ministry was unable to form a majority.
Along with the province of Bengal, Punjab was partitioned on religious lines – the Muslim-majority West becoming part of the new Muslim state of Pakistan, and the Hindu and Sikh East remaining in India.
Indian Punjab remains one of the most prosperous of India's states and is considered the "breadbasket of India." Subsequent to partition, West Punjabis made up a majority of the Pakistani population, and the Punjab province constituted 40% of Pakistan's total land mass.
Today, Punjabis continue to be the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, accounting for half of the country's population.
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In the 1980s, Sikh separatism combined with popular anger against the Indian Army's counter-insurgency operations (especially Operation Bluestar) led to violence and disorder in Indian Punjab, which only subsided in the 1990s.